Currently, diabetes is considered a public health problem due to the high number of people with the disease.
However, when properly treated and controlled, it allows a perfectly normal life.
Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a disorder in metabolism which causes a total deficiency or insulin production part, which is a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin has the function of regulating the amount of glucose in the body. It is through the action of insulin that glucose enters cells.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cells produce little or no insulin and the body can not absorb glucose from the blood, increasing your level. In this case the solution is subcutaneous insulin injection, so it can be absorbed by the blood and perform their duties.
In type 2 diabetes, although the body to produce insulin, muscle and fat cells are unable to take advantage of this insulin secreted by the pancreas and thus make proper use of glucose present in the blood. This is called “insulin resistance”. In this case, the treatment can be done through diet, exercise, and oral medications as needed. There are cases where it is necessary to combine all these with insulin injection according to medical advice.
In gestational diabetes, the woman’s body does not produce sufficient amount of insulin for her and her baby, what triggers the disease. However, following medical guidelines, the baby develops normally and after birth the woman back to his normal state of insulin production.
In all cases, balanced and adequate nutrition is the essential point of the treatment.
Therefore, always consult your doctor and if possible have the help of a nutritionist.